Your cute and lovely cat is really prone to get certain illnesses. It is very important for you as a cat owner, to know some common cat health issues and problems that often infect your cat. By knowing what kind of diseases are, you will also know what to do to handle such disease when it harms your pet, or even better to prevent the diseases.
Here, we have a list of most common cat health issues and problems that hopefully will help you to take care your cats better, because once you adopt them, it depends on you how the health of the cat can be maintained. We provide the disease category, the symptoms, and tips how to prevent the disease. Let’s check them out!
Cat Health Issues and Problems List
Upper Respiratory Infections (URIs)
This health issue category infects the respiratory organs of your cat caused by certain virus or bacteria. The most common ones include mycoplasma, feline herpes and calicivirus. The disease mostly infects the kittens and flat-faced cat like Persian. URIs mostly transforms from an infected cat through sneezing, shared food, or grooming. In some cases, it also spread through clothes, toys, or hands. Stress can also causes this infection.
When you find your cat sneezing repeatedly, get a runny nose, rapid breathing, nasal/eyes discharge, nasal congestion, fever and loss of appetite, those are the signs of upper respiratory infections.
To prevent the disease, it is important to keep your cat away from infected or asymptomatic carriers cat. Also, always give him vaccination and regular vet inspection. If the cat has shown the indications of URIs, you can give him antiviral medication that will lower the symptoms severity and antibiotics for further treatment.
The most common oral disease that infects cats is gingivitis problem or gum disease. It is caused by plaque which contains bacteria and food particles. When the plaque is left uncleaned, it can turn into tartar that will harm the gum. The disease may infect one tooth then spread quickly to the others, even worse, it can also infect the kidney.
The immediate signs of cat’s oral disease are bad breath, swollen gums that turn into reddish, drooling massively, loosing teeth, ulcers on the gum and tongue area.
If your cat has shown oral disease’s indications, you must immediatly take him to a vet to get professional treatment to clean the infected areas and get antibiotics. For home treatment, you should brush his teeth regularly with feline-designed toothpaste and give your cat chewy toys to reduce the plaque.
Although the disease commonly infects dogs, but cats are also at risk to be infected by heartworms. If the infected dogs will have heart disease, in cat, the worm harms the lung.
Some cats which are infected by heartworms may show some signs like coughing, vomiting, and respiratory issues. Moreover, some cats don’t show any sign of the disease, in which you have to do some complicated diagnostic testing which includes a blood test, x-ray, and ultrasound.
Since this is kind of unusual disease for cats, so there is no any certain treatment that can be given to handle it unfortunately. But, don’t worry, some vets may reccomend certain antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications or even surgery to remove the worm. The best way is always regulary bring your cat for vet inspection and ask for heartworm prevention. Also, avoid your cat to stay around the areas with mosquitos to prevent the infection.
Urinary Tract Disease
This kind of cat health issue harms the bladder and urethra area. The disease can be about the cat’s bladder wall that becomes thick and the flow of the urine that is blocked/urinary crystal.
If you find blood in the cat’s urine, or he experiences severity while urinating, and licks the genital area obsessively those are the first signs of urinary tract disease.
Bring your cat to the vet immediately when you have found the indications of this urine disease. The urethral blockage is the fatal one if you abandon the symptoms. The vet may give several treatments like antibiotics, removing the urethra blockage, and diet’s recommendation with decreasing the water intake. Avoid stressful environment and always give the best nutrition to prevent the urinary tract disease.
Same as human, the disease relates to the problem in filtering the waste or toxin by the kidneys that may lead to the accumulation of toxins in the bloodstream. It’s caused by kidney stones, infection, high blood pressure, inability to purify toxin or even cancer. The older cats are most likely affected by the issue.
The immediate signs include dehydration, excessive drooling, urinating frequently, and bad breath. Weight loss, anorexia, vomiting, anemia, and anxiety are some further symptoms.
Immediate professional treatment is required for this health problem because the cause should be determined to give the proper treatment. For severe condition, you may need a kidney transplant. After some treatment is done, you can give some home treatment by changing your cat’s diet and giving a prescription food.
Diarrhea and Vomiting
It is caused mostly by something that your cat eat. Your cat probably eats something improper for their digestive system. In some cases, diarrhea is also a symptom of another health issue like roundworm or tapeworm infections, feline parvovirus infestation, coccidia parasites, hyperthyroidism, and cancer.
If the vomiting and diarrhea last for days along with bleeding feces or black feces, you should take the cat to the vet immediately.
Your cat will be given by some liquid to prevent severe dehydration and anti-vomiting medication. The treatment will also include the cat’s diet on regular basis.
It can harm any organ systems of the cat, and the most found one is lymphosarcoma which harm the lymph system. Cancers can be so agressive and spread massively, and thirty percent of cats are said to have this health problem.
The signs actually depend on the types of cancer. The most common ones include unusual lumps on or under the skin, weight loss, loss of appetite, unusual bleeding, diarrhea, vomiting, and anxiety. Cancer is more common for female cat, you should frequently check her breast area to examine any lumps.
The vet should examine the types and stages of cancer first, then treatments like chemotherapy, surgery, immunotherapy and radiation may use. If the cancer is too severe and cannot be cured, the vet will give certain medication just to make the cat feel comfortable. The earlier you handle cancer, the more chance you can help the cat. Moreover, the treatment cost for cancer in cats is quite expensive, so you also have to consider the treatment options.
This parasite harms your cat blood. It mostly affects to the cats that mostly spend their times outdoor and have contact with other infected cats.
When your cat is scratching too much, got his hair loss, bald patches on his skin, and other allergic symptoms. The fleas can also be visible among your cat’s fur.
The treatment is to kill the fleas and stop their further development that can cause more severe infections to the cats. One important thing is always to use treatment product that designed specifically for cats, not other animals.
The tiny bug that can live and breed around your cat’s ears area. It will make your cats feel uncomfortable by feeling itchy.
If your cat shake his head and scratches his ears frequently or you find greasy brown or black spot in his ear, that could be a sign of ear mites issue.
It may seem like an easy health problem to handle by yourself, but don’t bother to do so. Always ask your vet for proper treatment, because ears infection is also caused by certain bacteria.
This is specialized for old cat, mostly about 12 years old cat will have this joint disease. The certain cause remains unknown that it is mostly relate to the growing age.
The most visible sign is the lack of your cat’s ability to do some activities that he always did in younger age like jumping, running, etc. In other words, your old cat can no longer do any energetic activity.
The disease could be diagnosed through radiograph which often results unclearly. Your own observation in your cat’s behavior will help the vet to determine whether your cat have arthritis or not. This issue can be quite painful for the cats, so you better take care of them immediatly.
Those are 10 most common cat health issues and problems that may affect your cat. The best ways to prevent all those diseases are by maintining the hygiens of your pet and always avoid them from stressful condition. Keeping your cat indoors is one of the best prevention to avoid certain deseases both from an unhealthy environment or other infected animals. Regular vet checking is always necessary to give the proper treatment for your cat.